(Sapindaceae) has two varieties viz. var.
is used in indigenous systems of medicine. The market
samples of this plant were purchased from various
suppliers and found that they were mixed with both
varieties. There is no comparative pharmacognostical
study on these two varieties to identify/ authenticate
the variety in the market sample. In this present study,
comparative pharmacognostical characteristics of aerial
parts between two varieties are reported.
can be identified by the presence of larger sized
leaves, flowers and fruits and tomentose leaves (on the
lower surface). Anatomically, var.
varies from var.
by the presence of abundant glandular and non-glandular
trichomes on the epidermis of stem, two lateral vascular
bundles outside the pericyclic ring and abundant
tanniferous cells in petiole, cortical vascular
bundle in leaf midrib and absence of stomata in upper
leaf surface. Physicochemical constituents, fluorescent
analysis and preliminary phytochemical tests also reveal
differences. In general, many market samples analyzed
were found to be admixed with both varieties.